Economic impact of carbon abatement policies and market structure

a dynamic general equilibrium analysis with imperfect competition
  • 40 Pages
  • 2.23 MB
  • English
Industry Canada , Ottawa
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992). 1997 Dec. 11., Greenhouse gas mitigation -- Economic aspects -- Canada -- Forecasting -- Econometric models., Carbon dioxide mitigation -- Economic aspects -- Canada -- Forecasting -- Econometric models., Environmental policy -- Economic aspects -- Canada., Environmental economics -- Canada., Gross domestic product -- Ca


Canada, Ca

Other titlesRépercussions économiques des politiques de réduction des émissions de carbone et de la structure du marché :
Statementby Yazid Dissou, Carolyn Mac Leod and Mokhtar Souissi.
SeriesWorking paper ;, no. 35, Working paper (Canada. Industry Canada) ;, no. 35.
ContributionsMac Leod, Carolyn., Souissi, Mokhtar., Canada. Industry Canada.
LC ClassificationsHC120.C3 C365 2002
The Physical Object
Pagination37, 40 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3768391M
ISBN 100662660986
LC Control Number2003495868

Economic impact of carbon abatement policies and market structure: a dynamic general equilibrium analysis with imperfect competition (Working paper ; no.

35) Text in English and French on inverted pages. Title on added t.p.: Répercussions économiques des politiques de réduction des émissions de carbone et de la structure du marché. Get this from a library. Economic impact of carbon abatement policies and market structure: a dynamic general equilibrium analysis with imperfect competition.

[Mokhtar Souissi; Carolyn Mac Leod; Canada. Minerals and Metals Sector.; Canada. Industry Canada.]. A number of studies have explored the impacts of regional low carbon policies in particular provinces or cities. For example, Wang et al. () and Wu et al.

() evaluated the economic impacts of carbon policies in Guangdong and Shanghai, respectively, using a static two-region CGE model. They both found that satisfying the Copenhagen Author: Wen-Wen Zhang, Bin Zhao, Yu Gu, Basil Sharp, Shi-Chun Xu, Kuo-Nan Liou.

We develop new thinking on carbon and energy systems and on the methods and economics of reducing emissions and adapting to the effects of climate change. We use this knowledge to answer our clients' strategic questions about making the transition to a low-carbon economy. Our work covers topics such as: Green growth and carbon mitigation.

Perspective on the international carbon market in literature. Research on the international carbon market in the literature mainly focus on two categories: one is discussion on political and institutional barriers of building up the multi-regional market, and the other is estimation on the impacts of the linked emission trading systems on the economies and Cited by:   Moreover, the numerical simulations show that with policy constraints, the optimal carbon tax rate is far below the marginal environmental damage and may even be negative, suggesting that estimates of optimal carbon taxes in integrated climate-economy models are biased upward.

5 In a recent paper Goulder and Hafstead () examine the impacts. 1. Introduction. Public policies aimed at promoting energy supply from renewable resources have become a major means towards mitigating climate change by lowering the reliance on fossil fuels and carbon dioxide (CO 2) ble energy support (RES) policies have overwhelmingly concentrated on incentivizing energy supply from wind and.

The analysis of the impacts of three different economic tools, specifically a carbon tax, a subsidy to sequestered carbon, and a subsidy to labor in CCS, shows that all three policies foster CCS activity, with contrasting, however, effects on resource extraction, carbon emissions and consumption (Grimaud and Rouge, ).

The economic effects of environmental taxes depend on the market structure. Under imperfect competition with free entry and exit, environmental taxes have an impact on economies of scale by changing the number and size of firms.

Whether economies of scale rise or fall in a particular industry depends on induced changes in the price elasticity. structure and economic characteristics of international carbon market. Yang Ji () focuses on basic economic theories of carbon market, and puts forward that emission right belongs to environmental property right and that the motivation of carbon trading is transaction cost.

Second, study on rules, regulations and suggestions of carbon market. Abatement Costs: The Costs of Reducing Emissions. Carbon emissions can be reduced (abated) by a variety of means — improved efficiency, burning cleaner fuels (natural gas instead of coal), capturing the carbon dioxide emitted during combustion at power plants and sequestering it, and switching to alternative sources of energy such as wind, solar, or nuclear.

effectiveness of this policy is an important public policy question for Ontario. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the cost of Ontarios renewable energy policy in terms of its effect on carbon emissions.

With this knowledge, the cost of carbon dioxide (CO 2) abatement in Ontarios electricity market can be compared to CO 2 abatement cost.

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The social cost of carbon is a measure of the economic harm from those impacts, expressed as the dollar value of the total damages from emitting one ton of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

The current central estimate of the social cost of carbon is over $50 per ton in today's dollars. Climate effects of unilateral carbon policies are undermined by carbon leakage. from its own emission abatement policy and those from other regions. economic structures.

IMPACT OF THE FINANCIAL CRISIS ON CARBON ECONOMICS 4 Current emission baseline forecasts are approximately 6 percent lower than they were two years ago As in our previous abatement studies, in this update we rely primarily on well-known and accepted external macroeconomic and BAU emissions projections.

We use the IEA’s World Energy Outlook. A very new literature on the analysis of pollution policy takes its cue from these models to explore how firm-level differences in pollution intensity might change our understanding of carbon leakage effects and competitiveness impacts of unilateral policies (Holladay ; Wen ).

Further research is needed in this area. Central to environmental economics is the concept of market failure means that markets fail to allocate resources efficiently. As stated by Hanley, Shogren, and White (): "A market failure occurs when the market does not allocate scarce resources to generate the greatest social welfare.

A wedge exists between what a private person does given market. Abrell, Jan and Kosch, Mirjam and Rausch, Sebastian, The Economic Cost of Carbon Abatement with Renewable Energy Policies (J ). CER-ETH – Center of Economic Research at ETH Zurich Working Paper No.

17/   Public perceptions of government effectiveness can impact the ability of a policy to be adopted, implemented, and sustained over time. Regardless of whether the burden of carbon pricing policies is real or perceived, the willingness of firms or households to accept additional taxation or emissions caps is critical for policy success.

In industries where fixed costs are an important determinant of market structure, this static analysis ignores the dynamic effects of the regulation on entry, investment, and market power.

I evaluate the welfare costs of the Amendments to the Clean Air Act on the U.S. Portland cement industry, accounting for these effects through a dynamic. Under either a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade program, the desired result is a level of CO2 abatement which equates the cost of abatement with the estimated benefits of abatement.

The World Bank’s Partnership for Market Readiness helps countries prepare and implement climate change mitigation policies, including carbon-pricing instruments, by leveraging partners’ experiences to share knowledge and best practices.

The result involves sharing highly technical and complex details of designing carbon-pricing schemes such. Background—Technology, Policy, Economics. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is one of a host of technical solutions that are currently available for reducing global emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) to the atmosphere, and thus curb the longer term effects of anthropogenic climate change.

This study examines the impacts felt downstream of carbon pricing and investments made in CO2 abatement within the steel industry. Using the. Goulder, Parry, Williams, and Burtraw: w The Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative Instruments for Environmental Protection in a Second-Best Setting: Poterba: w Tax Policy to Combat Global Warming: On Designing a Carbon Tax: Goulder and Mathai: w Optimal CO2 Abatement in the Presence of Induced Technological Change: Hassett, Mathur, and Metcalf: w The Incidence of a U.S.

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Carbon. The data used in these works are derived from the GTAP 9 Data Base well-suited to examine the consequences of trade opening and energy-carbon abatement policy issues. In his works, structure of these models has been modified in a number of ways to make it suitable for analyzing energy and environmental issues.

Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 2 (2), – Goulder, L. and Schneider, S. () Induced technological change and the attractiveness of CO2 abatement policies.

Resource and Energy Economics 21 (), – market structure in the electricity sector while still capturing general equilibrium effects. In a companion paper (Lanz and Rausch,), we incorporate cost-of-service regulation at the operator level and imperfect competition in wholesale markets to investigate the implications of market structure for the design of carbon pricing policies.

Examining the effect of the European carbon market (EU‐ETS) on innovation, one study finds that carbon pricing is responsible for a 10% increase in clean innovation (measured by patents), in spite of the relatively low prices experienced so far.

13 Another study provides additional evidence on the innovation effects of EU‐ETS. 14 Both. For the policy areas studied, the economic analysis demonstrates that city carbon abatement may be achieved with only minimal and generally slightly positive economic impacts.

Employment impacts range from % to % of U.S, employment during implementation and zero to % thereafter.

Description Economic impact of carbon abatement policies and market structure PDF

The Israeli economic literature lacks a research which analyzes the economy-wide effects of economic incentives for GHGs emission mitigation on a general equilibrium modeling basis. As previously shown, the most important GHG carbon dioxide, which is an anthropogenic emission, is largely due to the combustion of carbon-rich fossil fuels.Downloadable!

This paper employs analytical and numerical general equilibrium models to assess the efficiency impacts of two policies to reduce U.S.

carbon emissions — a revenue-neutral carbon tax and a non-auctioned carbon quota — taking into account the interactions between these policies and pre-existing tax distortions in factor markets.economy.

One crucial question mark for policy makers is the market price per tonne of CO 2 emitted that will result under a cap-and-trade system for particular emission limits (caps). This market price will be the e ective carbon tax imposed on the economy and its magnitude will re ect the cost of reducing emissions for di erent sectors.